In this assignment you will update the methods section for your research paper and add your introduction and literature review.
The introduction and literature review should address your research question: why it is important, and how prior research does or does not support your hypothesis, as well as providing a background on what we know about this topic.
Please refer to the material on the components of a research paper provided in Module 1 as you work on this document.
Your methods section, in addition to covering the subheadings of participants, instruments, and procedure, must include a fourth subheading called ethical issues and note any ethical issues that need to be considered, as well as how they would be handled.
Be sure to include a title/cover page and a reference page formatted in APA style.
What is your research question?
“At the point when eyewitnesses are questioned by law requirement personnel in an impacting path in regards to a crime scene, will it impact the eye witness’ testimony?”
What is your hypothesis or hypotheses? What is the null hypothesis?
“At the point when an eyewitness is being questioned by law enforcement and it is done in an affecting way it will prompt false testimony and distinguishing proof. At the point when an eyewitness is being questioned by law enforcement and it is done in an impacting way it won’t prompt false testimony and recognizable proof.”
How many participants would you like to use and why? What are the inclusion characteristics, i.e., what must they have in order to be included in your study (for example, gender, diagnosis, age, personality traits, etc.)? Are there any exclusion characteristics, i.e. are there certain characteristics that would exclude them from being in your study? Does the sample need to be diverse? Why or why not?
“There truly are no inclusion characteristics for this study with the exception of that participants must be more established than the age of 5, victims of crimes and bystanders of crime can transpire person. Crime does not choose a person based on gender, age, race, area, or religion; in spite of the fact that crime can be more prevail in urban areas than in rustic areas, yet crime still affects the populace in general. I almost needed to prohibit those who abuse drugs or potentially who have a criminal foundation, however that would be biased and all individuals deserve the shot regardless of how they add to society. So after cautious consideration I would not bar anybody from this study! Does .”
“Yes the sample needs to be diverse, because eyewitness testimony can originate from any individual regardless of race, gender, religion, and so forth. It is imperative to incorporate a wide range of participants to get exact results from this study.”
What sampling technique will be used to collect your sample? What population does your sample generalize to?
“Simple random technique is the best alternative given the fact that it facilitates easier and simpler population sampling went with chopping down unnecessary research costs. Be that as it may, the population sample generalizes to adults over 20 years, who are in a position to reason and give the most expected criticism”
What are the variables in your study? HINT: Refer back to your hypothesis or hypotheses.
“This study entails the dependent and independent variables. The independent variable entails the misinformation or inability to gather suitable proof. Then again, the dependent variable comprises of the factors or effects that realize misinformation considering the previously mentioned population sample.”
Provide operational definitions for each variable.
Gender: Relating to a person’s sex.
Age: “The assurance of the quantity of years passed since one’s introduction to the world designed by subtracting the birth year from the present year. On the off chance that the month and day still can’t seem to be come to in the present year, subtract 1.”
Race: “A social idea in which we use to classify humans by anatomical, social, ethnic, hereditary, land, historical, linguistic, religious, as well as social connection. “
Ethnicity: “The classification of person’s as European American, African American, Asian American/Pacific Islander, Latino, Native American, or Other.”
Data: Facts or details about a subject; learning that one obtains from something or someone.
Misinformation: “Information that is erroneous and purposefully false that is spread intentionally. Discussion: The demonstration of talking between a person(s) about a topic(s) to achieve a decision or to trade ideas and data.”
Event: “An event, something that happens, or is viewed as happening(ed) at a specific place inside a specific interim of time. Survey: “Strategy for gathering data or information as announced by individuals. This is a kind of information accumulation known as self-report information, which means that individuals finish the survey (or give the data) themselves”
How will you measure each variable? Discuss the reliability and validity of these measures in general terms.
Gender: “Would be measured ostensibly will be male or female. The is a dependable measure as it measures one’s gender as male or female, which if asked again the answer would be the same. It is also consistently legitimate as it measures what it is expected to measure.”
Age: “Would be measured on an interim scale in the age ranges above. This is a dependable measure because they are either inside the one of the age groups or not. It is also substantial as it provides a measure of one’s age.”
Race: “Will be measured ostensibly in categories of American Indian or Alaska Native,Asian, Black or African American, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, or White. This is dependable as if asked again the individual would answer the question the same as well as substantial because it measures what it is proposed to measure.”
Ethnicity: “Will be measured ostensibly in categories of Hispanic or Latino or Not Hispanic or Latino. It is also dependable as they should answer the question the same each time as well as it is substantial in measuring the proposed data.”
Misinformation: “Will be measured on an ostensible level as well with categories such as got and not got. This data is solid because we will know whether the member got or did not get misinformation. It is substantial because it answers the question of if a member got misinformation or did not”
What technique will be used for data collection (e.g., observation, survey, interview, archival, etc.)?
“Data collection will happen after participants watch videos of crimes and will occur with a paper questionnaire”
What type of research design is being used?
“The study will use correlational research. This research looks for relationships between at least two variables. It this case it will be the relationship of the variables the getting of misinformation and the impact on eyewitness memory and their testimonies. Using the survey is using a quantitative strategy which will be comprised of a survey through questionnaire’s from the participant’s.”
Briefly discuss the procedure that would be followed when conducting the research.
“Participants are being asked to wat a two-minute video of crimes occurring. The member’s will at that point be asked to round out a liquefy step data parcel. The first step iswhat’s called filler tasks, such as Sudoku, word puzzles, mazes, and crossword’s, with a period farthest point of eight minutes. Step two will be an account. One account will portray the events of the video as they happened. The second account will contain misinformation ofthe video viewed. The participants will be given three minutes to peruse the account. When perused, the member’s will finished a questionnaire of the witnessed events containing twenty prompted questions, five of which containing misleading data. Participants in the discussion area will be instructed to discuss the questions with others as a shared session selecting one answer as a gathering to each question. They will be given ten minutes to do as such. This will be trailed by four statistic questions about gender, age, race, and ethnicity in which they are given 5 minutes to finish”
What are some POTENTIAL ethical issues? How might they be addressed?
“The vital ethical challenges that may be stood up to in this research would originate from educated consent, secrecy, setting venture limits and managing impracticable expectations. So, there would need to be research done to ensure these things are finished the right way. Also another ethical issue may originate from the researchable questions posed, so all participants will be completely educated and advised about any cost and potential risk.”
“Through the majority of my research, on eyewitness testimony and the misinformation impact is a trustworthy basis of proof inside our American legal system. It is eyewitnesses obliged to be honest so as to enable justice to be dispensed. So at whatever point you witness a significant event that they have occurred. Prepare to have your spot on the witness stand, and turn into an eyewitness. I trust you are prepared to recall what you have seen precisely.”